TRIZ is an acronym for “Teoriya Resheniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch”, a Russian phrase that translates to ‘Theory of Inventive Problem Solving’. This technique is based on the study of patterns of problems. TRIZ contains several components, the two most important of which are ‘generalised solutions’ and ‘eliminating contradictions’. The ‘generalised solutions’ component makes the assumption that every problem, or a variation thereof, has previously been solved. Therefore, an existing solution only has to be located elsewhere and applied to the focal problem. The ‘eliminating contradictions’ component assumes that many problems are caused by a fundamental contradiction, which when resolved, will eliminate the problem.